The executive director is responsible for MOR's overall leadership, including establishing its key strategic, institutional, and capital priorities. The Board of Trustees and executive director set the museum's path forward, obtain and manage the resources needed for it to fulfill its mission, and ensure that the museum is accountable to the public.
The executive director's cabinet is comprised of department directors and museum curators.
- The museum is a college-level division of Montana State University, functioning with the approval of the Board of Regents of the Montana University System.
- The museum is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization governed by the Museum of the Rockies, Inc. Board of Trustees.
- The museum’s executive director is appointed by the Montana State University president on the advice of the Board of Trustees and reports directly to the university president.